To pay attention to inequalities in the use of time requires reflection on the concept of sexual division of work. Traditionally it was the women who assumed the reproductive work, the care, that is to say the activities which support people’s lives (minors, elderly, ill people, dependent people and people with functional diversity). Nowadays there are enough studies which confirm that there is still an important gender gap in the time dedicated to unpaid work. These imbalances between women and men determine other spheres of life, limiting like this the women’s capacity to participate in other areas (social, political, community or labour participation, professional career, access to culture or sports...).
For the moment this section doesn’t have information. Yet, we present a proposal of indicators and premises, extracted from the qualitative research in order to guide future studies which analyse and raise awareness on the existing inequalities.
It is considered necessary to investigate the existing gender inequalities in the use of time dedicated to housework, the care of minors under 15, elderly over 74 and dependent people or with functional diversity. It is interesting to study these malfunctions taking into account aspects such as age, years of education, professional category and the kinship with the person to care for.
Furthermore, the attention is focused on the influence which the responsibilities connected to the care have in the development of the professional career, in the working conditions and the exercise of motherhood and fatherhood.
Social, cultural, sport and leisure activities
A study of existing gender inequalities about the time dedicated to cultural, social and political participation, social volunteering, social and community, health sports and regulated sport activities.
Municipal resources for the attention of dependent people
It is considered necessary to analyse in which degree the local administration, through different resources and municipal programmes (nursery schools, school canteen service and extracurricular activities), develops measures which focus on life care, providing this way a more balanced distribution of the use of time and space by women and men.