What is the Observatory?

The Observatory of Gender Equality is a tool promoted by the Department of Equality, Economic Development and Tourism of the City of Santiago de Compostela. It fits within the frame of the gender mainstreaming strategy and it is intended for revising all the public policies in order to eliminate the gender bias and thus contribute to equality between women and men.

What is the Observatory for?

The Observatory has a double aim: on the one hand to analyse and shed light on the gender gap which appears in all fields of our lives; and on the other hand, to create and design tools to mainstream the gender approach in local policies. Its setting up shows the multidimensional character of gender inequality since it makes clear that it is a structural issue that involves different dimensions.

How does the Observatory work?

The Observatory works on three different action lines:

1. Research:

  • Gathering existing information about living conditions of women and men in the city and in different fields: male violence, access and use of economic resources, access to political and economic power, access to education, education and knowledge, use of times, welfare, culture, social and political involvement, public spaces and sports.
  • Facilitating the assessment and the measurement of the impact of municipal gender policies by designing specific tools.
  • Establishing research lines and proposing actions for social transformation.

2. Coordination and involvement:

  • Creating technical working boards to monitor and keep track of the municipal policies from a gender perspective.
  • Promoting the participation and involvement of the civil society in highlighting the gender gaps which appear in the city’s daily life. email TM

3. Education:

  • Offering educational instruments and tools that enable the integration of working dynamics based on gender equality.

How was the Observatory designed?

The starting point of the Observatory is the «Estudo do Deseño do Observatorio de Igualdade de Xénero». This research was carried out in two study phases: firstly, a theoretical review of the leading observatories at national and international level in the frame of the gender mainstreaming strategy was made. Secondly, a study was carried out by using participatory methodologies considering the opinion of the local government’s technical staff, social agents and the city’s feminist sector.

On the tabs on the left we show the available information which helps to highlight the existing gender gaps at local level. The numeric (or quantitative) data shown are accompanied by opinions and perceptions of those people who are part of this process. There are some sections which currently do not have information; nevertheless we show the priorities and working lines for the future. The results of this research set as starting point  the different areas where gender inequality occurs: male violence, access and use of economic resources; access to political and economic power; access to education, training and knowledge; use of times; welfare; culture; social and political involvement; public space; and sports.

Tools

Gender statistics are an essential tool to enhance the visibility of the different manifestations of gender inequality. By statistical analysis, the numbers become a tool that allows to demonstrate certain social phenomena. In the case of gender analysis, these numbers show the inequality that exists between men and women in different areas of life. The statistical data on the forms in which inequality appears in our society are indispensable if we want to create policies that work towards gender equality and that are effective and sustainable in the long-term.

A marker can be a measurement, a number, a fact, an opinion or a perception which shows a specific situation and its changes over time. Gender equality markers are built on the acknowledgement of imbalances and gaps in the situation of women and men in all the spheres of life.

They help to point out the social changes in terms of gender relationships over time. Their utility focuses on the ability to identify changes in the social status and role of women and men over time. This way, they allow to know if gender equality has been achieved through the planned actions.